Some of these are:
• China clay: One of the finest varieties of china clay occurs at Buchara and Torda.
• Copper: promising areas exist near Gol and Badshahpur, Dhanla and Ghati Godyana.
• Dolomite: 50% production of dolomite for the state comes from Jaipur and Dausa.
• Iron: The iron ore deposits are located mainly at Morija, Rampura, Nayla, Nimla, Raipur, Maonda, Dabla, Bagwas, Tateri and Bania-ka-bas, Lalsot, Ravsola, Bimani.
• Lime stone: Cement grade limestone occurs near Kotputli and Maonda. Impure limestone deposits are widespread and occur near Raori, Nayla, Harori, Nimla and Dabla.
• Silica Sand: Banskhoh and Jhir hills are the main source.
• Soap stone: The best variety occurs at Dogetha-Jharana.
Economic Potential of Villages in Jaipur District
The district villages have economic potential in terms of the minerals, both major and other minerals present, the presence of small scale industries and the number of commodities manufactured as per the 2001 census. The following are the map representing the same:
A variety of minerals are present in the district, namely, Feldspar, quartz, limestone, Mica, Silica sand, China clay, Pyroplite and other minerals such as Cheja Patthar, amrbel and some minor minerals. Either one or more than one of these minerals occur in the villages. There are seven villages in which the major minerals occur. These villages are namely, Baskhoh, Shyampura, Lalgarh, Marwa, Nimodiya, Sankotra and Adarwa. In all these villages , Cheja patthar is also present except in Sankotra, where marbel is present as the additional mineral. In addition to the these 7 villages, there are 70 villages where other minerals occur.
(ii) Small scale industry clusters
Small scale industries are being run in the villages.
There are 12 types of small scale industries which are running, namely, Aaritari, Agriculture implements, blue pottery, charm mojadi, galcha, dari, hand block printing, handloom, lakdi, marble murti, painting and luhari. These small scale industrial clusters are running in 38 villages.
|Blue Pottery:An art form, from Persia under the patronage of Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh was first introduced in Rajasthan. It was a new art form with a fascinating recipe of distinctive material like the ground quartz stone; the colour schemes are also peculiar like blue (oxide of cobalt), green (oxide of copper) and the external white.
Some of the pottery is semi-translucent, which lately is being experimented with other colours such as yellow, dark blue and brown. The conventional floral or arabesque, handmade patterns and the animal figure patterns are the prominent designs. The various articles shaped out are mostly the traditional ones like ‘surahis’ or pots of different shapes and sizes for multiple use. Ashtray, tiles, flower pots, lamp shades, jars, accessories etc are the forte of this art of pottery.
Leatherware: Skilled cobblers use the hides of dead animals for ‘jooties’ (foot-wear), chairs, musical instruments, ‘mojadis’, etc. The ‘jooties’ reflect the unique style of every district they belong to. It is amazing how the leather is beaten, tanned and dyed, and put to best use. The leather is punched and gouged to create a variety of patterns, studded, sequined and even embroidered with woollen motifs. Cities like Jaipur, Jodhpur, Barmer and Jaisalmer are famous for ‘jooties’, musical instruments (like ‘tabla’, ‘dhol’, ‘dhapli’) as also stringed instruments (‘kamayacha’) made out of leather. Bikaner is best known for painted lampshades, shields, and vases and ‘mojadis’ made out of camel hide. Hand bag, belts, hats, chairs, foldable chairs with graphic embroideries are from Tilonia.
Paintings: Paintings are nowhere more vibrant and expressive than those of Rajasthan. Tradition of painting goes back to the dawn of civilisation. Traces of earth colour drawings on walls and intricate motifs of geometrical and natural designs on clay vessels and potteries have been unearthed in the proto-historic Harappan sites of Kalibangan and Peelibanga in north-western Rajasthan. The tradition of decorating dwellings and articles is still alive. Rajasthan is known for its miniature paintings, reflecting an incredible portfolio of scenes from myths and legends to history to nature. The variation in art of painting ranges from pre historic rock paintings to wall paintings on palaces to huts, miniature paintings, phad and pichwais. Though many use synthetic colours, the traditional painters use mineral and vegetable dyes. The cost of the painting depends on the artist's workmanship.
Block Printing in vegetable dyes is another famous art. Carved wooden blocks soaked in different colours and pasted on the fabric. Main Markets of these products is Jaipur, Sanganer and Bagru. Kundan, the art of setting stones in gold is famous in Jaipur.
Regal and exquisite ornaments
Made in precious and semi precious gems (Ruby, Emerald, Pearl, Blue Sapphire), they are made in Jaipur and Jodhpur. Jaipur has some leading jewellery houses known all over India and in the global market. This colourful market is popular by the name of ‘Johari Bazaar’, which ranks among the most exclusive jewellery markets in the world. The range and variety of products is simply amazing. It cater not only to the elite or the high socialites but presents a vast collection of semi-precious and silver creations for common people at reasonable prices. An exclusive Rajasthani traditional work of art is of setting precious stones (diamond chips, precious gems) in solid 22-carat gold, the design and workmanship of which is unque.